I love the Dear Canada series. This list includes one or two from that series. It is really for the child-history-buff. I loved historical fiction as a child (much more than I do now) and I wish I had a similar list. Thank you to everyone who comments with additions to the book lists I post, your input makes the lists more complete.
Anne of Green Gables by L.M. Montgomery
Orphan girl is sent to live with an older couple.
The Curse of the Viking Grave by Farley Mowat
Three boys stumble on Viking graves in Northern Canada. This is a sequel to Lost in the Barrens.
Secret of the Night Ponies by Joan Hiatt Harlow
Set in Newfoundland in the 1960s, this story has a lot of factual information.
The Bully Boys by Eric Walters
Boy stays at home as father is sent off to fight inthe War of 1812
The Underground to Canada by Barbara Smucker
Story of slaves escaping via the underground railway to Canada.
The Root Cellar by Janet Lunn
Part of a trilogy: Shadow in Hawthorn Bay looks at the pioneer experience, and The Root Cellar, the first book in the series, explores Canada's early days as a nation, while The Hollow Tree focuses on the American Revolution and the part that war played in Canadian history.
Where the River Takes Me: The Hudson Bay Company Diary of Jenna Sinclair by Julie Lawson
Set in the Vancouver, this one is a mystery novel.
On a Canadian Day by Rona Arato
This is a compilation of nine short stories each about a child on a pivotal day in Canadian history.
Viking Quest. By Tom Henighan
Describes the experiences of fifteen-year-old Rigg, son of Leif Eriksson, in an early eleventh century settlement in Vinland.
Isobel Gunn By Audrey Thomas
This fictional account is based on the true story of a woman who came to Canada disguised as a man, and who worked as a fur trader until giving birth.
Eyewitness By Margaret Thompson
Six year old Peter lives in Fort St. James, New Caledonia, in the 1820s. He meets future governor of Vancouver Island and New Caledonia, James Douglas, Hudson Bay Company Governor Sir George Simpson, chief trader James McDougall, and Carrier Chief Kwah.
Whispers of War: The 1812 Diary of Susanna Merritt (Dear Canada Series) By Kit Pearson
Describes the fictional experiences of Susanna and her family, who are living on the Niagara Peninsula. Diary is accompanied by historical notes and photographs.
Redcoat By Gregory Sass
Working-class boy joins the British army and travels to Upper Canada to serve under General Brock.
A Question of Loyalty by Barbara Greenwood
A family who support the government protects a young rebel in the aftermath of the 1837 Rebellion.
Spy in the Shadows by Barbara Greenwood
Describes the Fenian raids across the Niagara River in 1866.
Moses Me & Murder by Ann Walsh
Twelve-year-old Ted MacIntosh and his friend Moses work to solve a murder in Barkervillle at the height of the gold rush.